Policy Outlooks

Two Decades of the Global War on Terror: Legacies and Future

This policy outlook examines the contours of the historical legacies of the post-9/11 world with a view of developing a better understanding of the...

Turkey in Africa: A Decade of Turkish Aid and State-Building in Somalia

This policy outlook assesses three dimensions of Turkey’s engagement in Somalia, in a bid to gauge to what extent Ankara’s decade of aid and...

US–Russia Relations: Past, Present and the Prospects for Improvement

This policy outlook examines the underlying causes of the strained relations between the US and Russia and aims to analyse its future trajectory. Since the...

US-Pakistan Relations Post-US Withdrawal from Afghanistan: A Shift in Dynamics?

This policy outlook provides a historical account of the US-Pakistan relationship, and highlights the trajectory of the American war in Afghanistan. The long US-Pakistan relationship...

Coups, Conspiracies, and the Uphill Battle for Democracy in Turkey

This policy outlook explores the use of military coups as an extension of US foreign policy. It also examines the legacy of coups and...

Mercenaries in Libya and the Threat to Regional Peace

Despite the end of military operations, following the ceasefire agreement there are still many irregular troops and mercenaries in the country who pose a...

Devolution and Democracy: What’s Next for the Scottish Independence Movement?

This policy outlook examines the impact of the 2021 elections on the prospect of Scottish independence. On May 6, 2021 the “most important elections in...

Covid-19 in India: A Modi-made Disaster?

Experts claim that India may have been able to avert the Covid-19 disaster had Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government prepared effectively for a second...

The PKK-PMF Nexus in Iraq

This policy outlook seeks to examine relations between Iran-backed Iraqi militias and separatist terrorists in northern Iraq, as well as the possible Iranian role...

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