Discussion Papers

No Birds with No Stones: Israel’s Policy in the Russia-Ukraine War

This paper argues that Israel's efforts to mediate between Russia and Ukraine should not be seen as active involvement in peace-making, but rather as...

Sanctions on Russia: How Effective are They?

This discussion paper will assess the likelihood of sanctions’ effectiveness separately for each objective by considering the desired outcomes of the sanctions and whether...

Türkiye’s Helping Hand: The Turkish Red Crescent

This paper seeks to examine how the Turkish Red Crescent reflects Türkiye’s humanitarian concerns in different geographies around the world, contrary to the conventional...

Turkey as a Donor Country: Aid Allocation Patterns

This paper seeks to examine changes and transformations of Turkish foreign policy and its repercussions on the country's foreign aid allocation patterns through the...

Shifting Paradigms in International Refugee Law: Will the Right to Asylum Survive?

This discussion paper will focus on the shift of paradigm in the practice of international humanitarian law regarding the protection of refugees. The new “mixed...

The EU as a Gated Community: Contextualising Events on the Poland-Belarus Border

It is worth analysing the migrant crisis on the Belarus–Poland border apart from the tension between the EU and Minsk. It is not the first...

A Short-Term Assessment of Global Climate Change: Impacts and Policy Recommendations

This discussion paper seeks to examine some of the short-term effects of climate change and offer some policy tools that should be urgently implemented. The...

Examining the Narratives around Women’s Rights in Afghanistan

This paper discusses how the Western media has used the discourse around women's rights to justify the US invasion of Afghanistan and how that...

Israel and the BDS Movement: Securitization and the Struggle for Influence

This policy paper discusses the BDS movement’s strategy and Israel’s policies to counter the movement. As the battle for influence between the BDS movement and...

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