Discussion Papers

Reforming the United Nations Security Council: Accountability, Effectiveness, and Representation

This Discussion Paper concludes that reforms regulating the use of veto as well as reforms increasing the number of non-permanent UNSC members must be...

European Politics between Technocracy and Populism

The European Union is caught between right-wing populism on the one hand, and technocratic neoliberalism – with its own identity politics – on the...

The Global Impact of the War in Ukraine on Food Prices: Deprivation, Discontent and Unrest

This discussion paper will explore how the ripple effects of the Russia–Ukraine war have the potential to cause global unrest directly contributing to the...

No Birds with No Stones: Israel’s Policy in the Russia-Ukraine War

This paper argues that Israel's efforts to mediate between Russia and Ukraine should not be seen as active involvement in peace-making, but rather as...

Sanctions on Russia: How Effective are They?

This discussion paper will assess the likelihood of sanctions’ effectiveness separately for each objective by considering the desired outcomes of the sanctions and whether...

Türkiye’s Helping Hand: The Turkish Red Crescent

This paper seeks to examine how the Turkish Red Crescent reflects Türkiye’s humanitarian concerns in different geographies around the world, contrary to the conventional...

Turkey as a Donor Country: Aid Allocation Patterns

This paper seeks to examine changes and transformations of Turkish foreign policy and its repercussions on the country's foreign aid allocation patterns through the...

Shifting Paradigms in International Refugee Law: Will the Right to Asylum Survive?

This discussion paper will focus on the shift of paradigm in the practice of international humanitarian law regarding the protection of refugees. The new “mixed...

The EU as a Gated Community: Contextualising Events on the Poland-Belarus Border

It is worth analysing the migrant crisis on the Belarus–Poland border apart from the tension between the EU and Minsk. It is not the first...

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