Discussion Papers

Türkiye – NATO Relations: Time to Harmonise Perspectives on Terrorism

Established in 1949, the North At-antic Treaty Organisation (NATO) proved the most durable security alliance that prevented the possibility of a third world war...

Which Way is the Bird Flying?

Social media platforms have been digital communication tools at the centre of many social, political, and economic developments over the past two decades.Due to...

Examining the Universality of International Human Rights from an Iranian Perspective

The clash between universalism and cultural relativism in international human rights came to the forefront, with the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human...

Media and Information Literacy in the Digital Age

Written, visual, and audio media tools pervading our information environment constantly bombard audiences with messages. We almost always interact with different kinds of content,...

Reframing Food Crises and the Need for a Paradigm Shift

A food crisis is looming again. Food prices are rising, and ever more people are on the brink of starvation. Thus, this issue dominates...

Regulating Digital Platforms: A Limitation to Freedom of Expression?

Internet, social media, and digital platforms, which have become a part of daily life thanks to technological developments, are at the centre of some...

EU – Poland Relations as a Microcosm of Europe’s Right-Wing Populism Problem

When we look at the reactions of western countries to the Ukraine war, it would not be an exaggeration to speak about it in...

A Critical Approach to Global Performance Indexes (GPIs): Evidence from Türkiye

With the spread of globalisation, there has been a rapid increase in the number of indexes measuring and ranking countries' performances in certain political,...

The Metaverse is Trending, but Does it Live up to the Hype?

This paper discusses the virtual platform known as the Metaverse. In light of developments in connection speed, virtual reality (VR), wearable technologies and artificial...

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