The France-Germany Rift: Rationale and Insights

    This policy outlook explores the sources of the tension between Paris and Berlin. While both capitals are at the heart of the European project, issues have been simmering between the two sides about the Russia-Ukraine War, energy policies, arms procurement, stimulus packages, foreign affairs, and the EU enlargement. However, there are strategic root causes for this crisis, including the shift in the global geopolitical paradigms and the latent economic decline of France.

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