This policy outlook examines some key disinformation methods, which were heavily utilised in the 2016 US presidential elections and are part of the influence operations surrounding the 2020 presidential elections.

Dr. Tarek Cherkaoui 20 October 2020

Disinformation has taken numerous forms in the past decade, particularly in the run-up to contested elections. This policy outlook examines some key disinformation methods, which were heavily utilised in the 2016 US presidential elections and are part of the influence operations surrounding the 2020 presidential elections. Four aspects will be closely examined: Data theft and data mining, trolls and bots, extremist and hate groups, and hack-and-leak operations.

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