Perspectives

It is no coincidence that Moody’s Investors Service has downgraded Turkey’s sovereign credit rating from Ba1 to Ba2 soon after Turkey launched a military operation in Afrin against the YPG, the Syrian affiliate of the PKK terrorist organisation.

Notes from the diary of a Turkish soldier, who fought in Gallipoli, tell us how brutal the Great War was on the other side – the side which was stereotyped as “the sick man of Europe.”

Crimea has a prominent place in every Turkish heart, regardless of political background. It was the ancestors of Turkic people who conquered and Turkified the Crimean Peninsula in the late 13th century. Two-hundred years after the Golden Horde, the Ottomans began ruling the peninsula for the next 300 years from 1475 onward. This is how Crimea became a vassal of the Ottoman Empire, giving the Ottomans authority to appoint the Crimean khan. However, Ottoman supremacy came to an end with the defeat of the Ottoman navy during the Turco-Russian war (1768-1774), which lead the way for Russia to enter the Crimean Peninsula.

March 15 marks seven years since the beginning of the Syrian war. The European Union’s response to dealing with the humanitarian crisis has divided and created tensions among its members, leaving refugees to face legal and social challenges.

The international community, as well as Western media outlets, have jumped to the conclusion that Turkey’s counter-terrorism operation in Afrin is nothing more than a strategic move to display Turkish hard power. These fallacious assumptions not only misrepresent the objective of Operation Olive Branch but also challenge Turkey’s right to defend its territorial sovereignty.

The upcoming November 2019 presidential election has once more underpinned political polarization and the struggle between political parties in the country. The political strategies of parties from different blocs either overlap or have clashed. In this politically tense atmosphere, Turkey has observed rapprochement between ideologically close political parties.

Putin's victory in this year's election is not in doubt. But what will the future Russia look like as the country enters into a third decade of Putinocracy?

Relations between Germany and Turkey—and by extension the EU—are unlikely to improve as the new coalition government in Germany takes shape

Historically, the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) were identified as one of the most significant institutions, if it was not the most, within the Turkish domestic and international political sphere. Turkey was formed under the strong modernist perspective of Turkish military cadres. However, after the consolidation of the power of civil politics in Turkey during the Justice and Development Party (JDP) era, TAF became the primary foreign policy instrument of the state after once being its sole determinant.

Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan are at loggerheads over sharing the Nile's water. Recently, the three countries failed to reach an agreement on the impact assessment of Ethiopia's Grand Renaissance Dam (GRD) – a controversial project Ethiopia has been building since 2011 to create electricity. At 6,850-kilometers long, the Nile is world's longest river, providing valuable freshwater for agriculture, domestic use and industrial proposes to both Egypt and Sudan. Eighty-five percent of the water comes from the Blue Nile, which has its headwaters in Ethiopia, while the remaining 15 percent come from the White Nile from Lake Victoria. Both rivers meet in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum.