As the completion of the upstream Nile dam project nears and with a solution not yet, there are fears the deadlock could lead to a water war between Egypt and Ethiopia, threatening security and stability in the Horn of Africa and the Red Sea region. This Discussion Paper provides a comprehensive overview of the water discord and links it to legacy of colonial rule.

Abdinor Hassan Dahir 28 January 2020

As the completion of the upstream Nile dam project nears and with a solution not yet, there are fears the deadlock could lead to a water war between Egypt and Ethiopia, threatening security and stability in the Horn of Africa and the Red Sea region. This Discussion Paper provides a comprehensive overview of the water discord and links it to legacy of colonial rule. First, it briefly discusses the framework surrounding long-standing water disputes in the Middle East and North Africa. Second, it discusses the Nile dam dispute in the context of the Nile Basin Initiative. Furthermore, the paper reviews some of the steps that have been taken in recent times to solve the conflict over the Ethiopian dam. Finally, recommendations urging the three parties to bridge the divide and promote regional peace and security are discussed.

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