Competing Visions of Eurasian Integration: The Turkic Alternative to Russia and China

    This discussion paper aims to summarise the Chinese and Russian visions in order to show the Turkic World’s potential to contribute to Eurasian integration

    This discussion paper analyses various visions for Eurasian cooperation. The Chinese vision is largely built on the Belt and Road Initiative and promotes the Chinese bid for greater economic cooperation in Eurasia. The Russian vision mainly focuses on the protection of the former Soviet areas of influence. The paper also examines the possibility of an alternative to both visions within the context of the projects prepared by the Turkic Council. The Council covers a wide geography that is a site of both cooperation and competition for Russian and Chinese visions of Eurasian integration. The Turkic Vision includes cooperation with all regional powers and institutions to achieve economic development, peace and stability.

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