Security Studies

Iran’s Warfighting Capabilities: Roots, Roles and Evolution

Although Iran's armament is restricted by international sanctions and arms embargoes, the country has still managed to develop its military capabilities to the extent...

When Artificial Worlds Collide: The US-China Artificial Intelligence Arms Race

This discussion paper will examine the background of a new type of arms race and analyse the Artificial Intelligence armament strategies of the US...

Soldiers of Fortune: The Evolving Role of Sudanese Militias in Libya

This discussion paper explores the mercenary nature of the Sudanese paramilitary groups’ in Libya.This discussion paper explores the mercenary nature of the Sudanese paramilitary...

A Balancing Act or a Game Changer? The SU-30SM and the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

This discussion paper analyses the historical background of the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh as well as Russian involvement in the context of the latest SU-30SM...

Turkey’s National Defence Industry: Origins, Transformation, and Achievements

This discussion paper discusses the chronological development of Turkey’s indigenous defence industry and highlights the turning points, stimuli, and outcomes of these developments.Turkey has...

The Killing of Qassem Soleimani: Regional Implications

This info-pack aims to reveal the personality of Qassem Soleimani and his critical role in Iran’s military strategy in the Middle East. It also...

The Wagner Group: a private military company that’s not exactly ‘private’

The Wagner Group is Putin's most potent weapon in advancing Russian policy objectives while maintaining plausible deniability.The so-called Libyan National Army, warlord Khalifa Haftar's...

2020: The Year Ahead

The Year Ahead focuses on twelve key events and flashpoints across the globe to watch out for as the year unfolds.2020: The Year Ahead...

Turkey’s Operation Peace Spring and the Battle for a Free Syria

Popular support for Operation Peace Spring among Syrians has to do with Turkey being the only state supporting majority-rule in Syria, unlike Russia, Iran,...

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