Discussion Papers

The Neo-Liberal Roots of ‘Trumpism’: American Economic Policy in the Post-Trump Era

Given the long-term trends of the American economy, the Trump presidency is not the cause but a symptom of deep underlying maladies afflicting American...

Financing the Pandemic: The Political Economy of Rising Government Debt

This discussion paper advances the idea that the Covid-19 pandemic has been a seismic event for government economic policies around the world. This paper advances...

The IMF & Covid-19 in the MENA: An Assessment of Risks and Constraints

This paper discusses the IMF’s most recent foray into the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. While no country in the Middle East and...

Turkey and Pakistan’s Foreign Policy Congruence: A Co-orientation Analysis of Political Messaging

This discussion paper intends to analyse the relationship between Turkey and Pakistan from a communications perspective. Turkey and Pakistan continue to present a united front...

The Geopolitics of the Renewable Energy Transition: Winners and Losers

This paper argues that the ongoing transition towards renewable energy has significant implications beyond environmental impacts. The transition will deeply influence economic, political, and...

The Rise of Daesh in Mozambique: A Threat Assessment

Rising violence in northern Mozambique is posing a dangerous risk to the stability of the region. Rising violence in northern Mozambique is posing a dangerous...

Strategic Culture, Elite Structure and the Formation of Russian Foreign Policy

This discussion paper examines the strategic culture and the elite structure of the Russian Federation as determining internal dynamics that have contributed to the...

The New Gold Rush in Africa: Main Actors and Challenges to Development

This discussion paper aims to explore Africa’s gold conflict and outlines the challenges to its governance and development. The gold mining sector plays a significant...

Formalising Apartheid: Israel’s Proposed Annexation of the West Bank

This paper argues that Israel’s proposed annexation of the occupied West Bank has changed the dynamics for all the sides. This paper first examines the...

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