Discussion Papers

Turkey and Pakistan’s Foreign Policy Congruence: A Co-orientation Analysis of Political Messaging

This discussion paper intends to analyse the relationship between Turkey and Pakistan from a communications perspective.Turkey and Pakistan continue to present a united front...

The Geopolitics of the Renewable Energy Transition: Winners and Losers

This paper argues that the ongoing transition towards renewable energy has significant implications beyond environmental impacts. The transition will deeply influence economic, political, and...

The Rise of Daesh in Mozambique: A Threat Assessment

Rising violence in northern Mozambique is posing a dangerous risk to the stability of the region.Rising violence in northern Mozambique is posing a dangerous...

Strategic Culture, Elite Structure and the Formation of Russian Foreign Policy

This discussion paper examines the strategic culture and the elite structure of the Russian Federation as determining internal dynamics that have contributed to the...

The New Gold Rush in Africa: Main Actors and Challenges to Development

This discussion paper aims to explore Africa’s gold conflict and outlines the challenges to its governance and development.The gold mining sector plays a significant...

Formalising Apartheid: Israel’s Proposed Annexation of the West Bank

This paper argues that Israel’s proposed annexation of the occupied West Bank has changed the dynamics for all the sides.This paper first examines the...

Emerging Economies and the Covid-19 Crisis: Challenges and Opportunities

This paper first introduces a short discussion of general trends affecting emerging economies, which have emerged during the Covid-19 crisis.This paper first introduces a...

Pandemic in the ‘Stans’: How is Central Asia Managing Covid-19?

This discussion paper suggests that in order to understand the long-term implication of the pandemic in Central Asia, it is imperative to look at...

Regional Implications of Great Power Competition: The Case of the Western Balkans

This paper will discuss the implications of great power competition in the Western Balkans.This paper will discuss the implications of great power competition in...

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